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This Article presumes basic knowledge of Joomla. A working installation of Joomla is required.

Let’s say you need – or just want – to create a Site just like EzineArticles or similar. If you are keen on using a more generic CMS, and not an article-site targeted script, you might think about using Joomla. That is always a good choice.

If you tried to use Joomla as it is, with the default Article Management you will soon feel its limitations, There are some flaws that will hinder you to manage your site like a professional Article publishing Webservice.

1. You have to make the users Editors. Regular users (Registered) do not have the right to create Articles. You have to make them manually Editors. This might work for some website concepts, but for most an automation would be welcome.

2. Users Cannot view their submitted content. There is no list of submitted articles.

3. Administrators do not get any notification per email when a new Article was submitted.

4. Users do not get an email notification when their Articles got approved and published

5. Users do not get a message or notification when their Article is NOT approved.

6. Article Submitting interface is confusing and rather complicated for novice users and users not used to Joomla interface. There are some features that are not needed in a regular article based website. For instance the whole mosimage concept is merely a pain for a regular user, since no webmaster in the right mind would allow any user to upload media on their server. Also the whole image embedding concept that Joomla uses is not very intuitive for the first time user.

7. The most annoying part of the whole Article Management process is the approving system of Joomla. By default there is no way to filter the unpublished content or even to have the latest submitted articles first. Imagine you have hundreds of articles already submitted by users and around 10 submitted a day. To find these and to check the contents you have to search after the title or somehow narrow the list.

8. There is no way to have a reject-edit-republish workflow. That means if your user publishes an article that you then reject, there is now mechanism to ensure that the user gets a feedback on his mistakes so he can postedit the article and resubmit it. This is a major flaw in the article concept of any respectable article publishing website.

Looking for overcoming these shortcomings of Joomla we tried to find a set of components that allow you to complete these tasks and use the standard Joomla article Management. We do not tried out core hacks or similar since these are hard to maintain to the latest version of Joomla and also could interfere with other components that are vital for a good Joomla Website (Community Builder, etc)

We looked in several resources in the hope to find an integrated solution for our problems. We could only find scattered components that solve some of the problems, but not in the way we hoped:

JA Submit and Ninja Simple submit – ninjoomla.com

– simplifies the submission process

– allows non-registered submission (not our goal thou) but overcomes the problem with manually making the users Registered.

– Remove some of the confusing errors Joomla throws at the unknowingly user


– Allows users to edit their past submissions

– Allows users to unpublish their content

– Allows users to submit in any section

Article Factory Manager – http://www.thefactory.ro

– The installation of this component went without a problem, just like a normal Component. Then we made a Menu (displayed just for registered users) with some links to the main functionalities of this component. We defined “My Articles”, “Submit new article”, and ” my Resource Box”

– An interesting feature the component introduces to our workflow is the “resource box”. This is a small signature box allowing only limited HTML code in it (just Anchor and Breaks – a and br ). This is an information box regarding the user that will be appended to their submitted articles. This way users save their info and backlinks once and can focus on the Article submission process.

– Another neat feature we discovered and that proves to be a very useful for us webmasters that do not want our webpages to turn into a link farm – is the limitation of the number of anchors in an article and separately in the Resource Box. This way we ensure that users will not submit articles with a lot of links in them without having to reject them. They simply cannot submit them.

– We were happily surprised also by the HTML tags limitation possibility, a feature that strips all tags besides the allowed ones. As we discussed with the authors, all “script” tags are automatically striped regardless of your settings. This is a must-have security feature.

This is the correct business format for a Letter of Complaint to another business. Use your words with caution because people are often funny about their money.

Tips and Hints to consider:

Keep in mind that Business Writing is about “Getting to the point”

Think about what you want to say before you start writing and get your facts straight.

Stay objective and considerate throughout the letter even if you are feeling angry.

Your letter will include the following:

1. Contacts

2. The complaint

3. Reason why you are complaining

4. The amount to be refunded

5. How long you are willing to wait (be reasonable please)

6. Reason why they should refund you

7. “Thank you” as well as any enclosures such as statements, receipts etc…

Remember to send copies of the receipts, not the originals. However, the original letter you type up and sign should be sent to the recipients. Make a copy for your records.

If you do not receive the response you had wished for, you may want to consider writing a second letter with a firmer tone, or you can contact the next person on their chain of command.

Your number and street address

Your city, Your state Zip code

Phone: Your contact number

Email: your email

The Date

Their Name, Company Title

Company name

Their company street number and address

Their city, state and zip code

Dear Mr. Name,

It has been excellent for my company to use your services for many high-quality door and window projects. I have always been satisfied with your services, however I am writing to you with a concern that I hope you will be able to address.

My company ordered from Custom Wood on July 2 by telephone. We ordered double-glazed, made-to-order oak French doors. When they arrived on July 25, my carpenter informed me that the doors were cut too small. Instead of measuring a total of 11 feet by 8 inches, the doors measured 11 feet by 4 inches.

After waiting three weeks for the door to remodel a kitchen, it was obvious that the customers were not going to wait any longer to have their kitchen finished. My carpenter was able to fix the mistake and did so at the expense of $455.50.

I am requesting that Custom Wood reimburse the $455.50 paid to fix the doors sent in error to my company. I am including the carpenter’s bill, and would appreciate prompt attention to this matter.

I would like to continue business with your company, as I have always been very satisfied in the past. Thank you very much for you time.


My name

Company name

Enclosures (2)

In the most basic terms, a parapet roof is one with a wall-like structure located around the edge of the roof. This wall or railing usually stands about 3 feet high, and is generally considered a safety feature that prevents falls from the edge of the roof. However, parapet roofs offer unique features with respect to the construction and style. In fact, these kind of roofs are sometimes installed to give the appearance of a flat roof. Parapets around roofs are especially common in cities like London where older building acts banned the projection of wooden eaves as a potential fire risk.

There are several reasons you may want a parapet wall around the edge of y our roof. As mentioned, parapet roofs offer advanced fire protection as the parapet prevents flames from travelling up the exterior of the building and igniting roofing materials. Moreover, parapets reduce wind flow over the roof so that wind-uplift resistance is evenly distributed. The most common method by which wind can damage roofs is by lifting the edge of the roof and peeling back the roofing structure. Parapets reduce the risk of wind damage making them an excellent option for homes in hurricane or tornado zones.

Another obvious benefit of a parapet is that it prevents falls while also preventing objects and debris from being blown off the roof. Still, there are aesthetic reasons you may prefer a parapet roof. For example, parapets help to hid roofing material or equipment on a roof that may be unsightly or unattractive. Moreover, parapet roofs impact the appearance of a building by increasing its perceived height. Generally speaking, parapets have a similar finish to exterior walls so they blend seamlessly into the outer structure of a building. In addition, parapets can help prevent rainwater damage on the exterior of buildings. The top of the parapet can be angled inward so water will not stain the façade of the building. Sometimes parapets also feature drip edges, further preventing staining of exterior surfaces of a structure.

Parapets are popular among architects who prefer the contemporary design of a flat roof. Unfortunately, flat roofs are more prone to collecting water that can leak over the edge of the roof. A parapet allows a designer to build a home or structure with a seemingly flat roof while still building on a slope. The parapet hides the slope so that the architecture appears perfectly flat. Indeed, parapets can be constructed in a wide range of situations and climates using various materials and construction methods. This makes parapet roofs a versatile roofing design that can be effective for minimizing damage in a wide range of climates while also improving the aesthetics of the structure.

Oh, the joy of running your business out of your home! As a sole practitioner consultant, I enjoy the benefits of working from home. No rent, no office politics, no standing in line for the bathroom. I also love my five-second commute, with no traffic to avoid except my dogs.

If yours is one of the many home-based businesses that seem to be growing in number with advancing technology, insurance may not always be at the forefront of your mind. You're not required to get building insurance, and you may not use your auto in business beyond driving to appointments. The reality, however, is that you have exposures that often are not considered and definitely are not adequately protected in your homeowners insurance.

I would like to raise your awareness in three areas of concern for every home-based business:

1. Liability

Are you a consultant or other professional who doles out advice or publishes information? You may need professional liability insurance. If you can be sued for the information you provide or the things you say and write, do not be covered without this coverage. I recommend no less than a $ 1,000,000 limit. Many companies specialize in this type of insurance, so contact a broker or check on the Internet. I warn you, it does not come cheap; However, neither does a lawsuit!

Do clients or vendors come into your home office? Your personal liability coverage is not set up to protect you for business-related activities. Depending on your business, a business policy (BOP) can often properly protect your liability at a small cost.

Let's talk about your auto. Even if you're only driving to meet a client off your promises, your business is exposed while you are behind the wheel. How? If you cause an accident while "on the job," and you're incorporated, your business will be brought into a lawsuit. If your business is incorporated, make sure you include Non-Owned & Hired Auto Liability on the General Liability portion of your BOP.

Please note – If you're not eligible for a BOP because of the type of business you operate from home, you can still get a General Liability policy.

2. Property

Every home-based business is going to have some business property. Whether you have products in your garage or furniture in your office, you need to insure business property outside of your homeowners insurance, which limits the value of business assets. You can adequately insure your computer, furniture, inventory, and artwork through the BOP mentioned earlier.

3. Life and Disability

Hopefully, your overhead is low and your income is up. Protect your ability to maintain that income with disability insurance and protect your family against the loss of your income with life insurance. Talk to your accountant about making these policies business expenses by paying for them through your business.

Believe it or not, you are more likely to become disabled than to die by the time you hit 65 years of age. Depending on the nature of your career, you could lose your ability to bring in income and become a source of additional expenses. Most disability carriers require you to have two years in business before they will offer this policy, but that should not stop you from looking into it when you can.

Here's your homework: Take the time now, after reading this article, to assess your insurance situation. Just because you work from home does not mean you are not in danger of losing everything. So just like any business would, consider what could be catastrophic to your business and then take steps to transfer the risk to an insurance company. Use higher deductibles where possible to keep costs down.

If you need additional help understanding and addressing your specific needs, feel free to contact an insurance consultant like me. As a consultant, I do not sell insurance. I help businesses find the right insurance at the right cost and show them how to position themselves to be most attractive to insurance companies.

Return on invested capital (ROIC) is one tool that value investors use to determine whether or not a company has a sustainable advantage over its competitors. Some investors call this sustainable competitive advantage a “moat”. Companies with a moat tend to dominate industry niches in which they operate, and the stock market tends to reward investors in these companies with higher stock prices as they grow within their market niche.

Return on Invested Capital (ROIC) = Net Operating Profit After Taxes (NOPAT) / Invested Capital Return on invested capital is a good way to screen for companies that may have a moat, because it measures how efficiently a company uses its available money to create the profit it generates. If a company has a large return on the capital it invests, especially when compared to its competitors, it is probably because the company has a more efficient way of producing its goods or services, or it can charge prices that allow it to earn more profit margin than its competitors. 

Here are 4 reasons that make return on invested capital an indicator you should use to screen for companies that may continue to achieve above average growth:

1)    Management efficiency – ROIC shows how well a management team generates operating profits vs. the amount of money they use to generate those gains

2)    Clarifies the Income Statement – Instead of just focusing on net income (the “E” in the P/E ratio), ROIC uses NOPAT instead, which removes items like investment income and interest expense (among others), which gives a much clearer picture of how much profit the company is actually generating as a result of its profit making operations

3)    By using investment capital instead of just equity or assets (like return on equity (ROE) or return on assets (ROA)), return on investment capital uses deployed equity AND debt capital, and removes cash that is just sitting in a bank account collecting interest instead of generating returns via the company’s operations

4)    Companies with a high return on invested capital within their industry are generally leaders, or emerging leaders, within their market niche. 

By using the ROIC formula shown above, you can prove what this article states with a quick visit to MSN money, and comparing the historic return on invested capital rankings of Google and Yahoo (you probably used one of these search engines to find this article). As you see the ROIC values for these two companies, and look at their relative stock price performance, you may find the results enlightening.

How to make a windmill in Minecraft:

Step 1: Find some flat land of suitable size, somewhere surrounded by grass helps the mill look more realistic when its finished. Although feel free to ignore this step and build your mill in a volcano.

Step 2: Start the base of the windmill by building a 10×10 square.

Step 3: Make this first shape 5 blocks tall.

Step 4: Seal off this first section with a roof.

Step 5: Decide which side of this box will be the front and build a door there.

Step 6: Remove the grass inside the first section and replace it with a suitable material for a floor. Wood will do but you can also experiment with different coloured wool.

Step 7: Make a set of stairs breaking out of the ground floor section.

Step 8: Build up another two blocks all around your structure.

Step 9: Build a new box shape on top of what you already have with dimensions 8x8x5 (WxLxH).

Step 10: On top of this build a third box of dimensions 6x6x5.

Step 11: Finally build a forth box on top with dimensions 4x4x5.

Step 12: Carefully take out the corners of all the box shapes you’ve made so far.

Step 13: Replace these blocks with a darker material, unprocessed wood is suitable. This gives the windmill a nice detail and stops it looking like one big bland box.

Step 14: Position a few blocks coming out of the top of the mill, These are what the blades will be attached to

Step 15: Using a coloured wool build 4 symmetrical blades. Make them at least 10 blocks long

Step 16: Take out the middle section of your wool blades.

Step 17: Replace these removed parts with a fence post. This gives the blades a more solid feel and helps make it look more authentic from a distance

Step 18: Head back inside and build a balcony attached to the 2nd box shape we built earlier. Decorate this with items such as a picnic table and BBQ.

Step 19: Add a series of ladders leading up to the top of your mill.

Step 20: If you want you can add torches around the place to help keep it free from zombies at night or just so it looks nicer.

Step 21: Create a window from the 2nd box we build earlier looking out onto the balcony.

Step 22: If you haven’t already done so you can build some support columns form the balcony, These don’t do anything apart from make the mill look more realistic.

Step 23: Head back inside and build the mechanism for milling wheat. The main components you need to create for this are a long shaft leading from the top where the blades are down to the bottom where you should put two flat surfaces to grind the wheat between. Unfortunately Minecraft doesn’t have the ability to make large mechanical contraptions like this actually work so you’ll need to use your imagination a bit here.

Step 24: As a finishing touch you can build a quaint garden next to your mill. If you’re feeling up to it you could also start a giant wheat farm next door.

Anonymous FTP:

“FTP” File Transfer Protocol is the most mainly used service for the transfer of files between computers that support TCP/IP connections. Using the FTP service you can transfer files between different platforms, computers with different OS’s(Operating Systems). FTP has a very simple and descriptive method of accessing systems, and then browsing through the directory structure, and transferring the files you need transferred.

Any visitors who are willing to download files from your web page or upload files to your web page can be allowed anonymous FTP access to your website by you and it would appear to them as if you are running your own FTP server. Anonymous access can be enabled or disabled within your web control panel. There are some Anonymous FTP warnings one should be aware of:


All the users would be granted the ability to access the “upload” and any other folder on your domain that has full read write permissions for the public. Anonymous users will have the power to upload files to your domain and to download files from your domain. Thus it is important for you to set proper permissions on the directories in your domain to protect them from unauthorized access. This is required to prevent the anonymous users from accessing any files or directories which store critical information about your domain. Access to particular files and directories can be inhibited on UNIX servers with the help of file manager where you can disable read or write access to files and directories which you don’t want other people to see.


If you are a website owner, you are responsible for any files that are uploaded by you, or any anonymous users. Using anonymous FTP access on your site, can easily make it a “warez” site. This is a site where people can share bootleg copies of software programs, movies, games, etc. If this happens, the companies that hold the copyright ownership for such programs or media files have the right to take legal action against you. It is your responsibility to protect your own website from this happening.

Data Transfer:

All the FTP transfers would be considered while calculating the total data transfer of your site. You will be responsible for the excess charges if your transfer limit exceeds the plan you have.

After enabling Anonymous FTP files can be accessed anonymously by using the following URL:


And visitors willing to visit your site using the FTP client can use the following:

FTP hostname: yourdomain.com

user id: anonymous

password: guest.

The first impression of any mobile phone is the looks that it carries. The mobile phone world has undergone a major change in a past few years. At present, mobile phones are not only a tool to communicate but have much more added to make it a complete package of features and applications. These gadgets have to be aesthetically alluring and beautiful for the customer to pick it from a cluster of mobile phones. Every phone needs to have a special feature to convince and appeal the consumers to buy it. Of course, the custom logo design name also plays a major role. The custom logo design has to be credible and trusted by the customers to choose it. In this world of tough competition, every mobile manufacturing company has to be technologically advanced and updated with new features. The mobile phones have become status symbol for the people. The personality of the user is defined by the handset they is using.

Motorola is a Canada based company with its branches all over the world. It has been leading in the field of telecommunications industry for many years now. The company has a very successful history to look back to and the products by this company are still winning great appreciations. They have a collection of lavish, classy, sophisticated and well-designed phones. The company is trusted because of its outstanding quality and excellent service. Motorola has all kinds of phones to suit all needs, from very basic phones to extraordinary ones; it is a master of all. The diverse collection has phone to suit every lifestyle. The handsets produced by Motorola are technologically advanced taking care of the quality of the phone and good battery backup. The latest phones by this company have massive storage capacities and amazing sound quality. The company makes sure that the user enjoys the experience of using a mobile phone.

This article is a discussion and full analyses on the Motorola U9. This is a new alluring phone by Motorola with a lustrous body. The phone is popularly associated with style and elegance. This extremely attractive and appealing phone has all the necessary features one can ask for. It has a well built and long lasting body. The phone comes in royal black and red colour which gives a rich look to the user’s personality. This eye catching phone has a tough body which comes in a clamshell model. It is a multimedia focused phone with 2G functionalities.

The Motorola U9 has an incredibly wide TFT display screen of 2 inches with 256K colours and a resolution of 240 x 320 pixels. It has touch sensitive music keys and a digital display on the flap. This device supports both Polyphonic as well as MP3 ring tones. The dimensions of the phone are 90 x 48.6 x 16.4 mm. The weight of the phone is like the weight of a feather. It weighs only 87.5 grams.

This gadget has an internal memory of 25 MB which is sufficient to store a lot of data like music, images, documents, and more. The memory can also be increased if required with the help of a microSD (TransFlash) memory card create the desired space. This mobile device also has the basic connectivity options like GPRS, EDGE, Bluetooth and USB. This feature helps in sharing and sending files from one phone to the other. The phone also helps the user to transfer files from the computer to the phone and vice versa.

The Motorola U9 also has an outstanding 2 Mega Pixels camera to capture tremendous pictures. This mobile phone uses Standard battery, Li-Ion to give an amazing battery backup. It delivers continuous talk time of 7 hours and upto 350 hours of standby.

While installing or repairing "On Demand" features in Microsoft Office suite, error 193 0xc1 may occur in Windows 7, Vista, and Windows XP. It may also occur while installing Microsoft .NET Framework or starting related services on your computer. In this article you will find steps which are helpful to fix this problem at ease.

First of all, let us understand the actual causes behind error 193 0xc1 in Windows 7, Vista and XP. The factors responsible for this error are as under:

1. Corrupted Ose.exe File
2. Wrong registry settings
3. Corruption in program files
4. Lack of Free Disk Space
5. Problems with Computer Services

Corrupted Ose.exe File

Error 193 0xc1 may appear if the file 'ose.exe' is not present in the installation directory or it has become corrupt. Replacing this file may solve the problem.

1. Insert Microsoft Office installation disc.
2. Open My Computer, open CD / DVD Drive location.
3. Double click to open the following directory:
Files Setup
4. Select the file Ose.exe and click Edit | Copy.
5. Click Back and open the following directory:
C: Program Files Common Files Microsoft Shared Source Engine
6. Click Edit | Paste.

Wrong Settings of Registry

Microsoft Office stores installation related configurations in your system's registry. If some of these registry settings are corrupted, it may result in error 193 0xc1 in Windows 7, Vista and XP.

1. Download a Registry Cleaner software.
2. Install and run the downloaded program on your computer.

Corruption in Program Files

For running the instances of Microsoft Office suite, the installation files must be unmodified. Corrupted installation files often lead to Windows error 193 0xc1.

1. Click Start | Control Panel.
2. Click Programs | Uninstall a Program.
3. Select Microsoft Office from the list of installed programs and click Uninstall button.
4. Select Repair the installation, click Next button.
5. Follow the on screen instructions.

Lack of Free Disk Space

Lack of free disk space for performing Microsoft Office setup operations can result in error 193 0xc1. Using System Cleaner application, clean the disk space to solve your problem. Otherwise use the Disk CleanUp tool by doing the steps provided below:

1. Click Start | All Programs | Accessories System Tools | Disk CleanUp.
2. Select the system drive and press OK.
3. Follow the instructions on your screen.

Problems with Services

You also need to fix computer services to get rid of the error in question. The steps required are as under:

1. Click Start, type Services.msc and press ENTER.
2. Right click and select Properties for the following two services:
AudioEndpointBuilder, Multimedia Class Scheduler
3. Under General tab, note down the Path to Executable.
4. Click OK when done.
5. Now, click Start, type RegEdit and press ENTER.
6. Locate the following registry location:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE SYSTEM CurrentControlSet Services
7. First, click MMCSS key and double click the ImagePath string. Replace the value with the Path to Executable that you just noted down in the Step 3.
8. Do the same for AudioEndPointBuilder. Click it, double click the ImagePath string and replace the value with the Path to Executable you have noted down.
9. Close Registry Editor.

How has the Internet affected the global economy? Jeff Jarvis, author of "What Would Google Do" shares how a simple hyper link on a website has changed business forever.

A link now can connect you with an abundance of information via the Internet. With a simple link, you can connect with new people, groups, places, reports, videos, audios, pictures etc. Anything and everything that your heart desires, you can find it on the Internet. All within a few key strokes.

In the past, you relied on companies and sales people to share information about their product or service. Not any more. What was once a world based on scarcity, now offers an abundance of choices. Companies operating on the old media model created content and protected it. Moreover, they restricted access to it. They even demand that you paid for it. No more. People have greater access and more ways to find information that they seek. They have more choices then ever before.

Google has disrupted the "old school" model and expanded new possibilities. For companies that embrace the Internet, their are new opportunities. Unfortunately, for traditional companies who continue to cling to the status quo, the results will mean reduced sales, profitability and certain extinction. Companies that share their information freely, will realize very exposure and the possibility of generating more revenue and sales and profits.

What does it mean for sales? It means that a simple website will not provide you with the exposure that you need. Just because you build it does not mean that people will come to visit and buy from you. You must create content that will make people stop and pay attention and want to comment on and share with their friends and associates. Your content must be unique, different and memorable. It must be easy to share via the Internet.

Everything on the Internet has a link. Your company website has a link. Every web page has a link. Your podcast page has a link. Your published articles and comments have a link. Your press releases have a link. Your videos have a link. Social network have a link. Your business profile on your network has a link. Perhaps, you are getting the hint. With a link, you can attract new prospects and business. That is why a link is so important. The link connects your content to other people that are interested in the subject matter. The link offers you the opportunity for the world to discover you and your company. What would happen if 10,000, 100,000, or one million people visited one of your website pages. How would that affect your company? What would happen if you closed the sale on just one percent of those visitors? How many sales would you produce?

Are you creating good content or any content at all? If you are not producing content, if you are not searchable, then your prospects will never find you. If you can not be found, do not expect calls inquiring about your product or service. There will not be any. Further, if someone does not know and you call them, what do you think the first thing that they are going to do to investigate you and your company? Yes, they will Google you to find out more information about you. Do not you do it too? If you do not have any content that is linkable, it reduces your business opportunities. The more links that you produce, the more opportunity you have to generate more sales.

If you are successful at creating great content, then people will discover you, save your link, share your link with their family, friends and associates. In sales, it is important to establish creditability, experience, expertise and results. Think of the possibilities, if visitors could listen to podcast, watch a video, access a PowerPoint presentation, review your testimonial page or read an article written by you? Would this enhance the sales possibilities? Of course. And, more importantly, they might want to learn more about you and develop a business relationship with you.

I know that when it comes to sales, it is better to make a direct connection by making a call or face to face appointment. However, would not it be great, if someone just called you up or emailed you and wanted to do business with you because of an interesting podcast that they heard from you. Or they watched you on your weekly video blog, or read an article written by you. Or they noticed that you were participating in interesting webinar or webcast. Do you get my point? The clients that you want are the people who are searching the Internet, they do not just point and click on the paid sponsored links.

What if no company in your industry, had adopted these new media strategies? What would happen if you were the first? While your competitors are sending more postcards, form letters and making cold calls and getting the same minimal results, you were attracting people, making new connections, building new relationships, generating new leads and producing more sales.

If your competitors embrace the Internet and start doing all the above: blog, podcast, articles, videos, and news releases, and started to attract more business? How would you feel? How would that affect your company? How would that affect your sales and profits? If you are not creating a web presence or digital image, you will not be discovered.

When it comes to your web presence or digital image, are you memorable or forgettable? When it comes to sales and in the age of the Internet, the link is the thing.

Embrace new and social media and consider the sales possibilities
Search your name and review your results
Search your company and review your results
Search your keywords and phrases and review your results
Review and analyze your website (check out http://www.websitegrader.com )
Start a blog and add audio, video and widgets
Start a podcast (audio and video)
Start writing articles and comments
Start connecting on Twitter
Start creating PowerPoint presentations and share them online: Linkedin, SlideShare, Google Docs, Facebook etc.
Research how you and add widgets to your website or blog

Traders use various methods to trade the equity markets depending mostly on their personalities and risk tolerance. Although when most people think about trading stocks or futures, day trading is usually the method that comes to mind. However, this method requires longer holding periods leading to increased risk. Scalp trading is a technique utilized to reduce risk while profiting from the financial markets.

Anytime a position is opened in the market, the clock begins to tick and with each tick comes added risk since your position is subject to market forces. In order to reduce market exposure and better manage risk, we need to decrease the time frame of holding open positions. Scalp trading is custom made just for this purpose. Allow you to profit as a trader and cutting risk.

This form of trading can be used employing whatever type of system you are most comfortable with such as traditional candlestick charting formulas, crossovers, moving averages or pivot points to name just a few. Whichever tools you choose to employ when scalping the equity markets, the rules remain the same. Always obey your stop loss and exit quickly once your stop is reached – no exceptions. Most of all remember you are not swinging for the fences trying for a homerun on each trade. Scalping is all about small profits and managing risk.

Many experienced traders employ this type of trading using their home computers as well as professionals on the floor of the major changes. Some veterans forego complex market systems and only only on a time and sales screen executing orders when certain levels are reached within the market. Quickly entering and exiting, banking small profits under the radar. By reducing the amount of time your positions are exposed to the market using scalp trading methods, you can greatly reduce your losses keep risk levels in check.

Stripped of its technical terms, outsourcing is basically the practice of one company to contract another company to provide the services that could have been performed by their own staff. There are many reasons why companies now are on the bandwagon of having some of their services done by others. (It had been an old practice, really.) These outsourced services passed on to other companies are usually call center services, e-mail services, and payroll. These particular jobs are part of the outsourcing trend practiced by many companies these days.


One of the main reasons why companies are into outsourcing is diminished company resources, both in financial terms and in manpower costs. When a company expands (which can be sudden), the growth can start to eat up on the companies resources.

Financially, the company might not be able to match the growth with the needed infusion of money to sustain the expansion. This holds true with their human resources as well.

With the growth, manpower might be sucked up with the new growth and diminish the company’s productivity in its core areas. The service-providing companies can do the work for less costs (thus not over-stretching most of the company’s resources), and has the manpower to do it.

Other Reasons

Efficiency sometimes suffers once there is a sudden expansion that cannot be absorbed by the company’s present staff setup and other resources. If, for instance, there is a huge demand for huge number of their products, other departments might not be up to it.

The purchasing department might need so many men to do the buying of raw materials, for instance. Outsourcing the purchasing department is a good move and costs less.

Other reasons could be that overhead costs might be disastrous to the company’s budget and current plans. Or, perhaps an offshoot to its growth is impossible to meet. If the company had grown to such an extent that it needs a bigger office, outsourcing the functions of the projected new additional staff is cheaper. (Transfer of the whole office to someplace bigger is definitely expensive in time, effort and money values.)

Companies are also bound to experience production demands that come and go in cycles within a year. Outsourcing additional resources during times of so much demand can ease up the company’s problems.

The good part of the deal is that the contracted periods of having these extra jobs outsourced can follow the cyclical production demands. (A toy company’s production department might need more manpower in the middle months of the year to produce the goods needed for, say, Christmas or some holidays.)


On the other hand, this new business model of parceling some important work aspects of a company to another had sparked a mini-controversy which had not been thoroughly resolved even until now. Definitely, there are those who are not fully convinced of the viability of such an arrangement.

The biggest argument against this deal is actually focused on the relationship of the company and its clients. In short, it may invite dissatisfaction from client side. Reasons could range from lower quality of work output, unnecessary dilution of company-client trade secrets, etc.


Control is also put to the test. Some aspects of the company are in danger of spinning out of the company’s control since the outsourced company conducts the decisions that would have been better handled by the parent company.

Some clients are not fully convinced that the outsourced company can function as efficiently as the original contracted company. If they do (most companies can, in practice), clients feel it might be better to deal with the new company rather than their old supplier or contracted business partner.

Riding on this threat is the mounting danger of delayed communications that causes delayed implementation. Without proper management and apportioning of responsibilities, there is tendency that confusion might set in.

Outsourcing had also allowed a political issue to float around – social responsibility. It is said that with more and more companies allocating jobs to foreign countries, the people of the parent company will have reduced opportunities. While this debate and questions are still up in the air, more and more companies are outsourcing some of their work. Offhand, companies and their managers think the current trend is the result of the current situation in commerce and trade all over the world. At the moment, outsourcing looks like it will stay for a while.


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